Dr Jasper Kenter

Ecological Economist

I am an interdisciplinary social scientist researching ecosystem services, sustainable development and conservation. My main interest is in our values around nature, looking through the lenses of economics, philosophy, psychology and spiritual practice, with a particular interest in how deliberation and social processes shape values.

Contact details:

Summary of research interests

Most of my research is about understanding values of nature and how these values can be better integrated into the way we manage the environment and make political and economic decisions. Economic valuation approaches are important because society has limited resources and needs to make difficult decisions about where to prioritise investment. But they have some problematic assumptions, including very narrow assumptions about human values and behaviour. My focus has been on developing novel methods that value nature in a more democratic, inclusive and participatory way, recognising a broader set of values, whilst usefully informing decision making. I use more bottom up approaches where we bring people from different backgrounds together to deliberate on values and policy options to see if we find shared values and bridge conflicts of interest, such as between fishermen or farmers on the one hand, and conservationists on the other. I want to create new democratic spaces where researchers, the public, stakeholders and policy makers can deliberate together on the social and environmental challenges we face, where we can find ways to really transform how we deal with environmental issues.

Current research topics

Valuing Nature Programme Peatland Tipping Points (VNP Peat): Understanding the ecological, social and economic implications of tipping points in peatland ecosystems. NERC/ESRC funded 2017-2019. My role: Socio-economic lead

Marine Ecosystems Research Programme - Ecosystem Services and Trade-offs (MERP): Understanding the economic and shared values of different policy futures for UK seas. NERC/DEFRA funded 2017-2018. My role: Socio-economic lead

The governance of ocean acidification (ACIDCOAST): Integrating adaptation in marine and coastal policy, planning and governance. Norwegian Research Council funded, 2016-2019). My role: Work package lead, stakeholder knowledge coproduction

Significant past projects

Cooperative participatory evaluation of marine renewables (CORPORATES). NERC funded 2014-2016

UK National Ecosystem Assessment Follow On: Shared, Plural and Cultural Values. NERC, ESRC, AHRC, Defra, Welsh Government funded. 2012-2014

Marine Energy Research Innovation & Knowledge Accelerator (MERIKA): EU FP7 funded. 2014-2017

Collective learning journeys to build capacity for strategic action to enhance resilience in climate disadvantaged communities: Evaluating the effect of community participation and social learning on environmental values and future consciousness. Joseph Rowantree Foundation funded. 2014-2016

Current teaching activities at SAMS

Marine Science BSc: Lecturer / thesis supervisor 'Marine Conservation

Ecosystem-Based Management of Marine Systems MSc: Lecturer / thesis supervisor 'Marine Resources

IDCORE PhD programme: Module leader 'Renewables and Society'


External teaching activities

Sustainable Management of Natural Resources MSc, University of Leicester: Module leader 'Environmental and Ecological Economics'

Ecosystem Services MSc / Ecological Economics MSc, University of Edinburgh: Lecturer on various modules

Current research students

Aster de Vries Lentsch: Novel methods for valuing ecosystem services as boundary objects for sustainability transformation (PhD), from Oct 2017. University of Edinburgh

Sue Ranger: Advancing methods for valuing cultural ecosystem services: A subjective well-being approach (PhD). 2016-now. University of the Highlands and Islands

Jacob Ainscough: Exploring the interface between ecosystem services and environmental governance in marine planning in Scotland (PhD). 2015-now. University of Edinburgh

Lina Isacs: Shared values: Challenging the boundaries of environmental economic valuation through deliberation (PhD). 2015-now. Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm

Lucy Greenhill: Evaluating marine planning approaches as a means to achieve sustainable marine development (PhD). 2014-now. University of the Highlands and Islands

Isabella Impesi: The impact of peatland ecosystem service tipping points on cultural values (MSc). 2016-2017. University of Edinburgh

Seb O'Connor: Finding the voice of the biotic community: deliberative valuation of marine policy changes on the West Coast of Scotland (MSc). 2016-2017. Univeristy of Edinburgh

Jessica Savage: UK fisheries policy post brexit. MSc. 2016-2017. University of St Andrews / SAMS


Alumni research students

Derek Purdy: A cultural value for seagrass meadows in aquatic agricultural systems: Implications for aquaculture development projects (PhD). 2012-2017. University of New England

Elisavet Spanou: Understanding the impacts of aquaculture and marine conservation on cultural ecosystem services: integrating subjective well-being approaches and hedonic pricing. MSc. 2014-2015. University of St Andrews/SAMS


Peer-reviewed journals

Ainscough, J., Wilson, M., Kenter, J.O., 2018. Ecosystem services as a post-normal field of science. Ecosystem Services 31, 93–101. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoser.2018.03.021

Purdy, D.H., Hadley, D.J., Kenter, J.O., Kinch, J., 2017. Sea Cucumber Moratorium and Livelihood Diversity in Papua New Guinea. Coastal Management 12, 1–17. dx.doi.org/10.1080/08920753.2017.1278147

Reed, M.S., Allen, K., Attlee, A., Dougill, A.J., Evans, K.L., Kenter, J.O., Hoy, J., McNab, D., Stead, S.M., Twyman, C., Scott, A.S., Smyth, M.A., Stringer, L.C., Whittingham, M.J., 2017. A place-based approach to payments for ecosystem services. Global Environmental Change 43, 92–106. doi.dx.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.12.009

Graziano, M., Billing, S.-L., Kenter, J.O., Greenhill, L., 2016. A transformational paradigm for marine renewable energy development. Energy Research & Social Science. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.erss.2016.10.008

Kenter, J.O. 2016. Shared, plural and cultural values. Ecosystem Services 21, 175-183. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoser.2016.10.010

Irvine, K., O’Brien, L., Ravenscroft, N., Cooper, N., Everard, M., Fazey, I., Reed, M., Kenter, J.O. 2016. Ecosystem services and the idea of shared values. Ecosystem Services 21, 184-193. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoser.2016.07.001

Kenter, J.O., Reed, M., Fazey, I. 2016. The Deliberative Value Formation model. Ecosystem Services 21, 208-217. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoser.2016.09.015

Everard, M., Reed, M.S., Kenter, J.O., 2016. The ripple effect: institutionalising pro-environmental values to shift societal norms and behaviours. Ecosystem Services 21, 230-240. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoser.2016.08.001

Raymond, C., Kenter, J.O. 2016. Transcendental values and the valuation and management of ecosystem services. Ecosystem Services 21, 241-257. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoser.2016.07.018

Bryce, R., Irvine, K., Church, A., Fish, R., Ranger, S., Kenter, J.O. 2016. Subjective well-being indicators for large-scale assessment of cultural ecosystem services. Ecosystem Services 21, 258-269. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoser.2016.07.015

Kenter, J.O., Jobstvogt, N., Watson, V., Irvine, K., Christie, M., Bryce, R. 2016. The impact of information, value-deliberation and group-based decision-making on values for ecosystem services: integrating deliberative monetary valuation and storytelling. Ecosystem Services 21, 270-290. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoser.2016.06.006

Kenter, J.O. 2016. Integrating deliberative choice experiments, systems modelling and participatory mapping to assess shared values of ecosystem services. Ecosystem Services 21, 291-307. dx.doi.org/1016/j.ecoser.2016.06.010

Orchard-Webb, J., Kenter, J.O., Bryce, R., Church, A. 2016. Deliberative Democratic Monetary Valuation to implement the Ecosystem Approach. Ecosystem Services 21, 308-318. dx.doi.org/​1016/​j.​ecoser.​2016.​09.​005

Ranger, S., Kenter, J.O., Bryce, R., Cumming, G., Dapling, T., Lawes, E., Richardson, P. 2016. Forming shared values in conservation management: an interpretive-deliberative-democratic approach to including community voices. Ecosystem Services 21, 344-357. dx.doi.org/1016/j.ecoser.2016.09.016

Kenter, J.O., Reed, M. S., Irvine, K.N., O’Brien, E., Bryce, R., Christie, M., Cooper, N., Hockley, N., Fazey, I., Orchard-Webb, J., Ravenscroft, N., Raymond, C.M., Tett, P., Watson, V. 2016. Shared values and deliberative valuation: Future directions. Ecosystem Services 21, 358-371. dx.doi.org/1016/j.ecoser.2016.10.006

Jones, L., Norton, L., Austin, Z., Browne, A.L., Donovan, D., Emmett, B.A., Grabowski, Z.J., Howard, D.C., Jones, J.P.G., Kenter, J.O., Manley, W., Morris, C., Robinson, D.A., Short, C., Siriwardena, G.M., Stevens, C.J., Storkey, J., Waters, R.D. & Willis, G.F. (2016) Stocks and flows of natural and human-derived capital in ecosystem services. Land Use Policy, 52, 151–162. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2015.12.014

Bull, J.W., Jobstvogt, N., Böhnke-Henrichs, A., Mascarenhas, A., Sitas, N., Baulcomb, C., Lambini, C.K., Rawlins, M., Baral, H., Zähringer, J., Carter-Silk, E., Balzan, M.V., Kenter, J.O., Häyhä, T., Petz, K. & Koss, R. (2016) Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats: A SWOT analysis of the ecosystem services framework. Ecosystem Services, 17, 99–111. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoser.2015.11.012

Kenter, J.O. (2015) Valuing ecosystem services: what’s the value? [book review]. Ecology, 96, 2852–2853. dx.doi.org/10.1890/BR15-43.1

Kenter, J.O., O’Brien, L., Hockley, N., Ravenscroft, N., Fazey, I., Irvine, K.N., Reed, M.S., Christie, M., Brady, E., Bryce, R., Church, A., Cooper, N., Davies, A., Evely, A., Everard, M., Fish, R., Fisher, J.A., Jobstvogt, N., Molloy, C., Orchard-Webb, J., Ranger, S., Ryan, M., Watson, V., Williams, S. (2015). What are shared and social values of ecosystems? Ecological Economics 111, 86-89. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2015.01.006

Raymond, C.M., Kenter, J.O., Plieninger, T., Turner, N., Alexander, K. (2014). Comparing instrumental and deliberative paradigms which underpin the assessment of social values for cultural ecosystem services. Ecological Economics 107, 145-156. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2014.07.033

Jobstvogt, N., Watson, V., Kenter, J.O. (2014). Looking below the surface: The cultural ecosystem services values of marine protected areas. Ecosystem Services 10, 97-110. doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoser.2014.09.006

Jobstvogt, N., Hanley, N., Hynes, S., Kenter, J.O., Witte, U. (2014). Twenty Thousand Sterling Under the Sea: Estimating the value of protecting deep-sea biodiversity. Ecological Economics 9710-19. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2013.10.019

Reed, M.S., Kenter, J.O., Bonn, A., Broad, K., Burt, T., Fazey, I., Fraser, E., Hubacek, K., Nainggolan, D., Quinn, C., Stringer, L. & Ravera, F. (2013) Participatory scenario development for environmental management: A methodological framework illustrated with experience from the UK uplands. Journal of Environmental Management, 128, 345-362. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2013.05.016

Christie, M., Fazey, I., Cooper, R., Hyde, T., Kenter, J.O. (2012). An Evaluation of Monetary and Non-monetary Techniques for Assessing the Importance of Biodiversity to People in Developing Countries. Ecological Economics 83, 69-80. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2012.08.012

Fazey, I., Pettorelli, N., Kenter, J.O., Wagatora, D., Schuett, D. (2011) Vulnerability and maladaptation in Makira, Solomon Islands. Global Environmental Change 21, 1275-1289. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2011.07.006.

Kenter, J.O., Hyde, T., Christie, M., Fazey, I. (2011). The importance of deliberation in valuing ecosystem services – evidence from the Solomon Islands. Global Environmental Change 21, 505-521. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2011.01.001.


Edited book chapters

Alexander, K., Kenter, J.O., Brennan, R. (2017). Marine Stewardship. In: Bieling, C., Plieninger, T. (eds). The Science and Practice of Landscape Stewardship. Cambridge University Press, pp 265-280

Kenter, J.O. (2017). Deliberative Monetary Valuation. In: Spash, C. (ed). Routledge Handbook of Ecological Economics. Routledge, London.

Kenter, J.O. (2016). Deliberative and non-monetary valuation. In: Potschin, M., Haines-Young, R., Fish, R., Turner, R.K. (eds). Routledge Handbook of Ecosystem Services. Routledge, London. dx.doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.1.1430.7606 www.routledge.com/products/9781138025080

Kenter, J.O. & Fazey, I.R. (2015) Conservation, Culture, Kids and Cash Crops in the Solomon Islands. Conflicts in Conservation: Navigating Towards Solutions (eds S.M. Redpath, R.J. Guitierrez, K.A. Wood & J.C. Young) Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.www.cambridge.org/gb/academic/subjects/life-sciences/ecology-and-conservation/conflicts-conservation-navigating-towards-solutions

Krater, J. (pseud.) & Rose, M. (2010). Development of Iceland’s geothermal energy potential for aluminium production – a critical analysis. In: Abrahamsky, K. (ed). Sparking a worldwide energy revolution: social struggles in the transition to a post-petrol world. AK Press, Oakland / Edinburgh.


Peer-reviewed reports

Albon, S., Turner, R.K., Watson, R., Anger-Kraavi, A., Bateman, I., Brown, I., Church, A., Dickie, I., Haines-Young, R., Kenter, J.O., Mee, L., Russel, D., Scott, A. et al. (2014) UK National Ecosystem Assessment follow on phase, synthesis report. UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge. uknea.unep-wcmc.org

Kenter, J.O., Reed, M. S., Everard, M., Irvine, K.N., O’Brien, E., Molloy, C., Bryce, R., Brady, E., Christie, M., Church, A., Collins, T., Cooper, N., Davies, A., Edwards, D., Evely, A., Fazey, I., Goto, R., Hockley, N., Jobstvogt, N., Orchard-Webb, J., Ravenscroft, N., Ryan, M., Watson, V. (2014) Shared, plural and cultural values: A handbook for decision-makers. UK National Ecosystem Assessment follow-on phase. UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge. www.lwec.org.uk/sharedvalues

Kenter, J.O., Reed, M. S., Irvine, K.N., O’Brien, E., Brady, E., Bryce, R., Christie, M., Church, A., Cooper, N., Davies, A., Hockley, N., Fazey, I., Jobstvogt, N., Molloy, C., Orchard-Webb, J., Ravenscroft, N., Ryan, M., Watson, V. (2014) UK National Ecosystem Assessment follow-on phase. Work Package Report 6: Shared, Plural and Cultural Values of Ecosystems.UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge. www.lwec.org.uk/sharedvalues

Church, A., Fish, R., Haines-Young, R., Mourator, S., Tratalos, J., Stapleton, L., Willis, C., Coates, P., Gibbons, S., Leyshon, C., Potschin, M., Ravenscroft, N., Sanchis-Guarner, R., Winter, M., Kenter, J.O. (2014) UK National Ecosystem Assessment follow-on phase. Work Package Report 5: Cultural Ecosystem Services and Indicators. UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge. uknea.unep-wcmc.org

Hölzinger, O., Kenter, J.O. (2014) An overview of monetary valuation. In: UK National Ecosystem Assessment follow-on phase, technical report: Embedding the ecosystem approach into policy and decision making processes. UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge. uknea.unep-wcmc.org

Kenter, J.O., Bryce, R., Davies, A., Jobstvogt, N., Watson, V., Ranger, S., Solandt, J.L., Duncan, C., Christie, M., Crump, H., Irvine, K.N., Pinard, M., Reed, M.S. (2013). The value of potential marine protected areas in the UK to divers and sea anglers. UK National Ecosystem Assessment interim report. UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK. www.lwec.org.uk/sharedvalues


Other reports

Fazey, I; Carmen, E.; Rao-Williams, J.; Hodgson, A.; Fraser, J.; Cox, L.; Scott, D.; Tabor, P.; Robeson, D.; Searle, B.A.; Lyon, C.; Kenter, J.O.; Murray, B. (2017). Community Resilience to Climate Change: Outcomes of the Scottish Borders Climate Resilient Communities Project. Centre for Environmental Change and Human Resilience, University of Dundee.

Fazey, I; Carmen, E.; Rao-Williams, J.; Fraser, J.; Cox, L.; Scott, D.; Hodgson, A.; Tabor, P.; Robeson, D.; Searle, B.; Lyon, C.; Kenter, J.O.; Murray, B. (2017). Community Resilience to Climate Change. Summary for policy and practice. Centre for Environmental Change and Human Resilience, University of Dundee.

Scott, B.E., Irvine, K.N., Byg, A., Gubbins, M., Kafas, A., Kenter, J.O., MacDonald, A., O’Hara Murray, R., Potts, T., Slater, AM., Tweddle, J.F., Wright, K., Davies, I.M. (2016). The Cooperative Participatory Evaluation of Renewable Technologies on Ecosystem Services (CORPORATES). Scottish Marine and Freshwater Science, Vol 7, No 01. dx.doi.org/10.7489/1681-1

Reed, M.S., Kenter, J.O. (2015) Valuing the Dark Peak: A Deliberative Approach to Payments for Peatland Ecosystem Services. Moors for the Future / Peak District National Park, Edale.

Kenter, J.O. (2014) Tool review: Deliberative monetary valuation. Annex to: UK National Ecosystem Assessment follow-on phase, Work Package Report 10: Tools, application, benefits and linkages for ecosystem scienceUNEP-WCMC, Cambridge.

Davies, A., Bryce, R., Reed, M.S., Kenter, J.O., Cowap, C. (2014) Tool review: Multi-criteria decision analysis. Annex to: UK National Ecosystem Assessment follow-on phase, Work Package Report 10: Tools, application, benefits and linkages for ecosystem scienceUNEP-WCMC, Cambridge.

Kenter, J.O. Valuing the Inner Forth (2013). Inner Forth Landscape Initiative / RSPB, Edinburgh. innerforthlandscape.co.uk/files/KenterValuingtheInnerForth.pdf

Artz, R.R.E., Donnelly, D., Cuthbert, A., Evans, C., Smart, S., Reed, M., Kenter, J. and Clark, J. (2012). Restoration of lowland raised bogs in Scotland: Emissions savings and the implications of a changing climate on lowland raised bog condition. IUCN Peatland Committee / Scottish Wildlife Trust, Edinburgh. scottishwildlifetrust.org.uk/docs/002_057__restorationoflowlandraisedbogsinscotland_jan2013_1359568030.pdf

Policy notes, professional publications, etc.

Kenter, J.O. & Reed, M.S. (2015) Taking account of the shared values of ecosystem services. Bulletin of the British Ecological Society 46, 37-39

Kenter J.O. and Reed M.S. (2014). Taking account of the shared and cultural values of ecosystem services. Environmental Scientist 23 (4), 38-43

Kenter, J.O., Reed, M.S. (2014). Taking account of shared and cultural values of ecosystem services. LWEC Policy and Practice Note 11. www.lwec.org.uk/publications/taking-account-shared-and-cultural-values-ecosystem-services

Kenter, J.O. (2011). Finding nature’s value in the South Pacific. AU Science Magazine, Autumn 2011.

McGinlay, J., Kenter, J.O., Davies, A. (2011). Crossing disciplines for conservation. Bulletin of the British Ecological Society, March 2011.

Kenter, J.O. (2011) Advancing sustainability in a time of crisis, Stapledon Society Bulletin 8, 26-27.

Kenter, J.O. (2010) Environmental values and resource change in Kahua, Solomon Islands, Stapledon Society Bulletin, 7, 14-23.

Recent consultancy projects

A participatory approach to implementing MPA management. Marine Conservation Society

A deliberative approach to setting up a payments for ecosystem services scheme for moorland ecosystem services. Moors for the Future

Valuing the cultural ecosystem services of potential UK marine protected areas. Marine Conservation Society

Accessing consultancy services from SAMS

SAMS consultancy work is delivered through its wholly owned commercial subsidiary, SAMS Research Services Ltd. (SRSL). SRSL operates a comprehensive Quality Management System (QMS) that is accredited to ISO9001:2008 standard, guaranteeing that all projects deliver the best possible service to our customers. All SRSL projects are planned by a professional programme manager who oversees a team of dedicated project managers, all of whom are focussed specifically on client delivery, and have scientific experience and technical expertise in fields relevant to their assigned projects. For further information concerning commercial enterprise opportunities at SAMS, please contact SRSL by email (info@srsl.com) or phone +44 (0) 1631 559 470.



Career history

2015-now: Honorary Fellow. University of Edinburgh

2014-now: Lecturer. SAMS

2014-2015: Adjunct Lecturer in Economics. University of New England

2013-2015: Visiting Lecturer in Ecological Economics. University of Edinburgh

2012-2014: PI UK NEA Shared Values. University of Aberdeen

2012-2013: Visiting Lecturer. University of St Andrews

2011-2012: Project Manager. University of St Andrews


PhD Ecological Economics. 2014. University of Aberdeen

BSc (Hons) Conservation. First class. 2010. University of Wales, Aberystwyth